The springs of philosophy

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“Springs   of    philosophy” (oyun al- Hekmah)  is  a philosophical   work written  in Arabic by the outstanding  philosopher “Avicenna” the book intends  theoretical philosophy concerning logic, natural  sciences  and theology. The author considers general conceptions about these three branches of theoretical philosophy, he gives a brief definition of philosophical term.

The author

Avicenna, one of the greatest Muslim scientists and philosophers, known in the East as Abu Ali Sina and also Ibn Sina (980 – 1037).
He was born near Bukhara, probably with Persian as his native language.
At the age of eighteen he had mastered all the then known sciences. After the death of his father, an official of the Samanid adminstration, and the overthrow of the Samanids by the Ilekhans in 1005, he first wandered through Persia and then, from 1021 until shortly before his death, he lived at Isfahan as court physician of the Buyid rulers Shams al-Dawla and Sama al-Dawla, who by then had come under Kakuid suzerainty.

He is known primarily as a philosopher and physician, Avicenna contributed also to all the sciences that were accessible in his day: natural history, physics, chemistry, astronomy, mathematics and music. He studied mathematics under “Abu Abdullah Natli”, then continued metaphysics, physics and medicine in the presence of “Abu Soheyl Masihi”.
 He wrote on economics, politics, moral and religious questions, Quranic exegesis and poetry.
In 1654, 131 authentic and 110 doubtful works were listed in his bibliography.
The following are his most famous works:

1-    Book of Healing ‘of the soul’ (a vast philosophical and scientific encyclopeida)
2-    The Canon of Medicine (one of the most famous books in the history of medicine)
3-    The Tale of Hayy Ibn Yaqzan (a philosophical allegory)

Avicenna’s influence on medieval European philosophers such as Michael Scot,  Albertus Magnus,  Rager Bacon,  Duns Scotus and Thomas Aquinas is undeniable.

He died as the result of colic, in Hamedan – Iran where a monument was erected to celebrate the millennium of his birth.

 

The book structure

“Springs of philosophy” includes 3 chapters as follows:
1- Logic, general essential genus, noun, speech, propositions, syllogism, inductive reasoning, allegory, etc.
2- Natural sciences: simple and compound substance, time, on human, on plants, etc.
3- Theology: on existence, on essence (Johar) and accident (Araz), etc.

 

Sources

The springs of philosophy

Keywords


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